Coal mining played a big part in the industrial development of North East England. The colliery village at Beamish Museum recreates the conditions a typical mining family would experience.
Pit cottages, from nearby Hetton-le-Hole, show the cramped conditions and poor sanitation that miners regarded as normal.
The school has three classrooms where up to 200 children between 5 and 11 would learn to read and write.
The Methodist Chapel would have been a central feature of village life. Visitors can see inside the church and local churches sometimes help recreate the atmosphere with choir recitals and traditional services such as the Sunday School Anniversary and Harvest Festival.The Engine Shed and railway sidings show how the coal mined was transported from the pit to local towns and cities. Beamish is built on the site of a Mahogany Drift Mine, which was a working pit from 1855 to 1958. Underground guided tours allow visitors to get a better idea of how coal was mined and the working conditions of the miners.